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 Samuel Phillips Huntington

Samuel Phillips Huntington

(born April 18, 1927) is a political scientist known for his analysis of the relationship between the military and the civil government, his investigation of coup d'etats, and his thesis that the central political actors of the 21st century will be civilizations rather than nation-states. He is a professor at Harvard University.

Clash of Civilizations

In 1993, Huntington ignited a major debate in international relations with the publication in the journal Foreign Affairs of an extremely influential and often-cited article entitled "The Clash of Civilizations?" The article is often contrasted to the view expressed by Francis Fukuyama in "The End of History." Huntington later expanded that article into a full-length book, published in 1996, entitled The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. The article and the book articulates his theory of a multi-civilizational world headed for conflict. In his writings, he is critical of both Western and non-Western behavior, accusing both of at times being hypocritical and civilization- centric. He also warns that Western nations may lose their predominance if they fail to recognize the nature of this brewing tension. See "Clash of Civilizations" for more discussion.

Critics (see Le Monde diplomatique articles) call Clash of Civilizations a covert way to legitimize aggression by the US-led West against the Third World, in order to keep the latter "in check", that is, preventing their economic development.

It is interesting to compare Huntington, his theory on civilization, and his influence on policy makers in the U.S. Administration and the Pentagon, with A.J. Toynbee and his theory, which relied heavily on religion and was criticised similarly.

Huntington graduated from Yale University and received his doctorate from Harvard University, where he is Albert J. Weatherhead III University Professor. In the 1960s, he became a prominent scholar upon publishing Political Order in Changing Societies, a work that challenged the conventional view of modernisation theorists that economic and social progress would produce stable democracies in recently decolonized countries. As an advisor to Lyndon Johnson, and in an influential 1968 article, he justified heavy bombardment of the countryside of South Vietnam as a means of driving Viet Cong supporters to the cities. He also was co-author of The Crisis of Democracy: On the Governability of Democracies, a report issued by the Trilateral Commission in 1976. During 1977 and 1978 he was the White House Co-ordinator of Security Planning for the National Security Council.

Other works

The latest book by Huntington, Who Are We: The Challenges to America's National Identity, was released in May 2004. The subject is the meaning of American national identity and the possible threat posed to it by large-scale Latino immigration, which Huntington warns could "divide the United States into two peoples, two cultures, and two languages". Like The Clash of Civilizations, this book has also stirred controversy, and some have accused Huntington of xenophobia.

He is also the author of Political Order in Changing Societies.

"The West won the world not by the superiority of its ideas or values or religion but rather by its superiority in applying organized violence. Westerners often forget this fact, non-Westerners never do."
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updated Tue. March 12, 2024

Shayegan's ideas about cross-civilization communication appeared to be embraced by Iran's Khatami, a reformist who served as president from 1997 to 2005. Both challenged American political scientist Samuel P. Huntington's idea that cultural and religious identities would lead to a "clash of civilizations.".
At Harvard University, Kobach was mentored by Professor Samuel Huntington, author of the controversial book “Clash of Civilizations,” described by postcolonial scholar Edward Said as “a sort of parody of Hitlerian science directed today against Arabs and Muslims.” Fast forward to 2015, when Kobach ...

Steve Bannon, Stephen Miller, Sebastian Gorka, Richard Spencer, Kellyanne Conway, ad nauseam - they are the "Cliff Notes" version of Niall Fergusson, Samuel Huntington, and Bernard Lewis. A quick look and you are ready for your test: "Western Civilisation 101". The views expressed in this article are ...
Political philosopher Samuel Huntington also wrote: “To deny God is to challenge the fundamental principle underlying American society.” The first expression of American views on government is from the Declaration of Independence, which proclaimed to the world “unalienable rights” from our "creator" ...
Between Fukuyama's theory that claims liberal democracies and free market capitalism will spread over time and Samuel Huntington's "Clash of Civilisations" which envisions conflict and confrontation between civilisations, Bannon says the winner is clear, a showdown between cultures. Bannon is not ...

Chaz Cleckley, father to a 6-year-old daughter enrolled at Samuel Huntington Elementary School, said his experience moving to different schools as a child fostered a sense of apathy to his surroundings. “The sense of community was less because I learned not to care about where I was,” he said.
The Clash of Civilizations is a set of ideas where Samuel Huntington believes that people's cultural & religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post-Cold War world. This book is also written in response to his student Francis Fukuyama's 1992 book, The End of History and the Last Man.

Average class sizes would be 24.2 students and would require 22 classroom teachers, a drop of three teachers from current numbers. Projected savings would be $240,000. The Samuel Huntington and John B. Stanton schools would be paired, with kindergarten through second-graders attending Stanton, ...
Even by the relaxed standards of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS), the interval between the death of Weatherhead University Professor Samuel Huntington (in late 2008) and the presentation of the memorial minute on his life and services (at the November 7 faculty meeting) was extraordinarily long. But it proved ...
The late Samuel Huntington's “clash of civilizations” paradigm has been taking a beating lately. His critics have warned that such a worldview portends a millenarian war between the West and Islam. One reason for the pile-on is that Huntington's theory has become associated with the views of Steve ...
Remember Francis Fukayama? The American political scientist and author briefly became the darling of the political science set in the early 1990s with his theory, encapsulated in his bestselling book "The End of History and the Last Man," that the end of the Cold War marked the final evolution of mankind's ...
Even though at that time one of the most influential American political writers, Professor Samuel Huntington of Harvard University, had written that it wasn't fundamentalism that was the problem, it was Islam itself. He argued in his best-selling book, “The Clash of Civilizations” that “The twentieth century ...
Added Cortlan Beetle, 10, a fifth-grader at Samuel Huntington School: "This event is good for the community, too, because all of the schools come together and have a big choir and have a good time." Angeliz Garcia, a fourth-grader from Stanton, calls herself a "soul singer," and can't wait to perform for her ...
There are so many people, both here and in the West, who continue to believe that the present impasse engendered by the precipitate 'war on terror' represents the aftermath of a Clash of Civilisations. It will be recalled that, when Samuel Huntington initially spun his thesis The Clash of Civilisations, a wide ...


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