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 Helmand province, Afghanistan

Helmand is the largest of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. It is in the southwest part of the country. Its capital is Lashkar Gah. The Helmand River flows through the mainly desert region of the province, providing water for irrigation.

Helmand is the world's largest opium-producing region, responsible for 75% of the world's total production. This is more than the whole of Burma, which is the second largest producing nation after Afghanistan. Afghan opium accounts for more than 90% of the global supply, and thus is the main source of the global heroin trade as well.

The Helmand valley region is mentioned by name in the Avesta (Fargard 1:13) as Haetumant, one of the early centers of the Zoroastrian faith, in pre-Islamic Afghan history. However, owing to the preponderance of non-Zoroastrians before the Islamization of Afghanistan – particularly Hindus and Buddhists – the Helmand and Kabul regions were also known as "White India" in those days. Some Vedic scholars (e.g. Kochhar 1999) also believe the Helmand valley corresponds to the Sarasvati area mentioned in the Rig Veda as the homeland for the Indo-Aryan migrations into India, ca. 1500 BC.

Much of the fighting between NATO and Taliban forces is taking place in this province and Helmand is said to be a Taliban stronghold.

Helmand province locator map
Helamand Province in Afghanistan
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updated Mon. May 13, 2024

A new sit-in camp was established in Helmand province – this time in Gereshk district – on Thursday, as momentum continues to gather around the peace campaign. Gereshk, which is about 60kms north of Lashkargah City, is considered an insecure area and has experienced many years of violence.
Members of the Helmand peace protest on Wednesday vowed to continue their anti-war campaign until their demands for peace are met by the warring sides. This comes after reports emerged from Helmand that a three-year-old boy reportedly died after thinking his unconscious father, who had been on a ...

Verhage leads the ground sensor operations in Helmand province, Afghanistan, which helps employ remote sensors as general surveillance and early warning systems to aid the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces. The constant management of the remote sensors systems helps the ANDSF ...
LASHKARGAH (Pajhwok): After repeated demands from the people of Nimroz province, officials in southern Helmand province have agreed to releasing water from the Kajaki Dam to the southwestern province for six days. Helmand officials made the decision after Pajhwok Afghan News published reports ...
Dozens of people from Helmand's Nawah district on Monday embarked on their own sit in protest in support of peace protestors in Lashkargah city. The Lashkargah protestors, including women, have called for a ceasefire by both the Taliban and government following the recent deadly bombing outside a ...
LASHKARGAH (Pajhwok): Six hunger strikers have been hospitalized in the capital of southern Helmand province after their condition deteriorated, sources said on Saturday. A number of people have been on hunger strike since Thursday demanding both sides of the warring parties to the Afghanistan ...

As the total of civilians killed in well over a decade of fighting has reached the tens of thousands, Helmand has remained toward the top of each year's casualty list. In 2017, the United Nations documented 3,438 civilians killed and 7,015 wounded across Afghanistan. With 386 civilians dead and 605 injured ...
Afghan women took to the streets Tuesday in Afghanistan's conservative Helmand province and joined an ongoing man-only sit-in demanding Taliban insurgents stop hostilities. A deadly suicide car bombing at a sports stadium last Thursday in the provincial capital, Lashkargah, provoked young men to ...
Representatives of youth groups in Helmand said they are ready to consult the Taliban leadership and invite them to join the peace process. “People are killed inside bazars, mosques and at homes and even at funeral ceremonies,” said one protestor Qais Hashimi. Another protestor Najibullah said: “They ...
(UNAMA) strongly condemned yesterday's attack in southern Helmand province that killed at least 15 civilians and injured more than 40. “Facts in the incident have now become clear. The detonation of a vehicle-borne explosive device took place in Lashkargah, the capital of Helmand, near a park when ...
A car bomb exploded outside a sports stadium in southern Afghanistan on Friday, killing at least 10 people and wounding dozens more, officials said, capping a bloody week in the war-torn country. The blast happened in Lashkar Gah as spectators were leaving a wrestling match at the stadium, Helmand ...
At least 15 people were killed and 51 wounded on Friday night in Lashkargah City in Helmand after a suicide bomber detonated a car laden with explosives. Officials confirmed that children were among those killed and wounded. Helmand governor's spokesman Omar Zwak said the explosion occurred ...
LASHKARGAH: A car bomb explosion in Lashkargah City in Helmand province on Friday evening killed 15 people and wounded 51 others, local officials confirmed. Helmand governor's spokesman Omar Zwak said the explosion happened close to a local stadium in the city. According to Afghan police ...
A wounded man is assisted in a hospital, after a car bombing outside a sports stadium in Lashkargah, capital city of southern Helmand province, Afghanistan, Friday, March 23, 2018. Provincial chief of police Abdul Ghafar Safi said the blast was carried out by a suicide bomber and that the target was ...
Omar Zwak, spokesperson for the governor of Helmand province, said Friday's blast in the city of Lashkar Gah took place close to the Ghazi Muhammad Ayoub Khan stadium, where a wrestling match was taking place. Aminuallah Abed, chief of the provincial public health department, said that 40 people ...
militants attacked their check-post in the Nawa district of the southern Helmand province, a reliable source said on Wednesday. A security official, who wished to go unnamed, told Pajhwok Afghan News insurgents stormed security forces' checkpoint in Ainak locality of the district late on Tuesday night.
LASHKARGAH: Security forces have occupied 20 school buildings and are using them as security posts in different areas of Helmand, the education director has said. Talking to Afghan media outlet, Helmand education director Daud Shah Safari termed it a great injustice with children to convert their ...

At least 10 suspected insurgents were killed and 13 wounded in an operation by Afghan security forces in the southern province of Helmand, authorities say. Afghanistan's National Directorate of Security (NDS) said in a statement on March 10 that the operation was conducted in the Khoshkaba area of ...
Afghan security forces say they have arrested a German man in southern Helmand province who has been a long-time military adviser to the Taliban. The man was captured with other three other suspected militants in a raid on a bomb-making site in Gereshk district. His identity is unclear. Officials say he ...
Two car bombs detonated on Saturday morning leaving at least three people dead. The bombings happened in Nad Ali district and Lashkargah city of Helmand province, local officials said. Helmand provincial governor's spokesman Omar Zowak confirmed the blasts and said that three soldiers were killed, ...
militants clashed in southern Helmand province last night, with both sides claiming to have inflicted casualties on the other. Abdul Basir Achakzai, 611 Highway Police commander, said the Taliban wanted to storm their post on the Sangin road but the security forces offered stiff resistance and called in air ...
LASHKARGAH, Afghanistan, March 19 (Xinhua) -- Up to 20 armed militants were killed during the Afghan forces operations in Helmand province, south of Afghanistan, on Sunday, the Interior Ministry said in a statement released here Monday. "The Afghan security and defense forces launched several ...


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Afghan provinces:
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