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 Francois (papa Doc) Duvalier

Born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti in 1907,

Fran輟is Duvalier

had a front seat for an era of Latin American political turmoil. The invasion of US Marines on Haitian soil in 1915, followed by incessant violent repressions of political dissent, and American installed puppet rulers left a powerful impression on the young Duvalier, as did the latent political power of the resentment of the incredibly poor black majority against the tiny, powerful Haitian elite.



Lucky enough to be schooled and literate in a country where all but a tiny handful were illiterate, Fran輟is attended medical school and participated in a US funded public health campaign to eliminate yaws (a common bacterial disease that had crippled thousands). Parlaying his modest involvement into tales of his single handed eradication of the disease, Doctor Duvalier became more and more involved in the negritude (black pride) movement of Haitian author Dr. Jean Price Mars, and began an ethnological study of voudou, Haiti's native religion, that would later pay enormous political dividends.



When FDR withdrew the Marines, the puppet governments left in power by the Americans were quickly chased out of office as years of resentment from the populace exploded. The reigns of power shifted with dizzying speed, with the average President holding power for less than two years. Military brasshats came and went, as did senators and populist rabble rousers, but through it all, the "quiet country doctor" held his cards to his chest, seeking his foothold in Haitian politics. He finally got it when elections were held in 1957 to replace deposed military strongman Paul Magloire, and through hook and crook (not to mention outright election fraud by the Haitian army), Fran輟is Duvalier was inaugurated as president of Haiti that same year.


...




When

Papa Doc

finally died in 1971, he had managed to bring an already poor nation into unimaginable poverty and misery, as Haiti became the poorest nation in the Americas as a direct result of his wild kleptomania. His twin legacies, the 15 year rule of his son (deposed in 1986), and the creation of millions of political and economic refugees. It is fitting that his grandiose mausoleum in Port-au-Prince was demolished by angry mobs who had finally learned to stop fearing the quiet little country doctor, only 20 years after his death.

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However, fearing the dictator Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, when he was 10, Duval-Carrie's family was forced to flee to Puerto Rico. Later the young artist-to-be would study in Montreal and take up residence in France. It wasn't until he was an adult that he reunited with his Haitian roots. Though he hadn'tテδづつ...
The 1957 election of Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, who later named himself leader for life, ushered in a brutal era of military repression. Mr. Duvalier created the Tonton Macoute,a paramilitary force used to solidify his power. The Macoute was responsible for systematically murdering and raping civiliansテδづつ...

#As if things could not get any worse, the regime of the Duvaliers began in 1957, with dictator Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier assuming the title of “Haiti's President for Life”. A path of destruction continued by Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier led to a mass exodus of Haitian nationals who fled to escape theテδづつ...
In 1957, Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier came to power. He ruled the country as a repressive dictator, using his special police force, the Tonton Macoutes, to brutalize citizens. Papa Doc's brutal policies further strained the country's relationship with the United States. After his death in 1971, his son Jeanテδづつ...
The civil-society leader was talking mostly about Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, who had been dead way, way longer than most Haitians had been alive. In fact, an entire generation had come of age since his son was deposed. Still, my interviewee insisted, matter-of-fact in her despair: Papa Doc retained aテδづつ...
Hundreds of people in Haiti have attended the funeral of the country's former ruler, Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier. Duvalier was accused of corruption and widespread human rights abuses during his 15-year rule. He was not given a state funeral, but the Haitian government sent representatives to theテδづつ...

#As if things could not get any worse, the regime of the Duvaliers began in 1957, with dictator Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier assuming the title of “Haiti's President for Life”. A path of destruction continued by Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier led to a mass exodus of Haitian nationals who fled to escape theテδづつ...
The U.S. government backed the dictatorships of Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier and his son Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” and their notoriously brutal Tonton Macoute thugs from 1957 until 1986 — under the administrations of Republican Dwight Eisenhower, to Democrats John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson,テδづつ...
In 1963, the U.S. backed Haitian strongman Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, who created a police force, the Tonton Macoute that rivaled Hitler's Gestapo. Upon his death, Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier continued his father's legacy and stole everything but the palm trees when he fled the island in 1986.
When we look at immigration reform around our country, often the images of undocumented immigrants from Spanish-speaking countries flash across our screens. The rising statistics of immigrants and refugees from other countries have taken center stage as a rallying call for Donald Trump's presidentialテδづつ...
But since that revolution culminated in the country's independence in 1804, democracy has struggled in the former French colony. Between 1956 and 1986, the country was dominated by the murderous dictators Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier and his son, Baby Doc. Four years after Baby Doc fled to France,テδづつ...
In 1957, Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier came to power. He ruled the country as a repressive dictator, using his special police force, the Tonton Macoutes, to brutalize citizens. Papa Doc's brutal policies further strained the country's relationship with the United States. After his death in 1971, his son Jeanテδづつ...
But since that revolution culminated in the country's independence in 1804, democracy has struggled in the former French colony. Between 1956 and 1986, the country was dominated by the murderous dictators Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier and his son, Baby Doc. Four years after Baby Doc fled to France,テδづつ...
In 1957, Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier came to power. He ruled the country as a repressive dictator, using his special police force, the Tonton Macoutes, to brutalize citizens. Papa Doc's brutal policies further strained the country's relationship with the United States. After his death in 1971, his son Jeanテδづつ...
Several U.S. presidents bolstered the bloody dictatorship of “anti-communist” Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier in Haiti and then his son, “Baby Doc” with military and foreign aid. Dictator Rafael Trujillo in the Dominican Republic next door also aligned himself with U.S. business and political interests.
Since then, the army has come in and out of existence, often being heavily politicized during oppressive governments such as that of Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier who sidelined the army in favor of private militias. The most recent iteration of the Haitian armed forces was disbanded in 1995 followingテδづつ...
His father, Claude, was an agronomist who served under President Paul Magloire and fled during the early years of the dictatorship of Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier. Preval earned an agronomy degree from Gembloux Agricultural University in Belgium and later studied geothermal sciences at the Universityテδづつ...

The civil-society leader was talking mostly about Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, who had been dead way, way longer than most Haitians had been alive. In fact, an entire generation had come of age since his son was deposed. Still, my interviewee insisted, matter-of-fact in her despair: Papa Doc retained aテδづつ...
Hundreds of people in Haiti have attended the funeral of the country's former ruler, Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier. Duvalier was accused of corruption and widespread human rights abuses during his 15-year rule. He was not given a state funeral, but the Haitian government sent representatives to theテδづつ...
"Baby Doc", demikian julukannya, mengambil alih kekuasaan di Haiti 22 April 1971 setelah ayahnya Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier meninggal. Jean-Claude Duvalier hidup dalam kemewahan, sementara rakyatnya tenggelam dalam kemiskinan. Tahun 1985, terjadi pemberontakan terhadap rezim Duvalierテδづつ...
Felin fell in love with cinema at the drive-ins of Port-au-Prince, her escape during the brutal dictatorship of Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, whoテつ...
Felin fell in love with cinema at the drive-ins of Port-au-Prince, her escape during the brutal dictatorship of Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, whoテつ...
"Baby Doc", demikian julukannya, mengambil alih kekuasaan di Haiti 22 April 1971 setelah ayahnya Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier meninggal.
1957 - Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, a doctor, is elected president. 1964 - Duvalier declares himself president for life and rules as a dictator.
1957 - Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, a doctor, is elected president. 1964 - Duvalier declares himself president for life and rules as a dictator.
1957 - Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, a doctor, is elected president. 1964 - Duvalier declares himself president for life and rules as a dictator.
1957 - Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, a doctor, is elected president. 1964 - Duvalier declares himself president for life and rules as a dictator.
Jack Kevorkian (Dr. Death), H.H. Holmes (America's first recognized serial killer), Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier (Former Hatian Dictator), Annテつ...
Several U.S. presidents bolstered the bloody dictatorship of “anti-communist” Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier in Haiti and then his son, “Babyテつ...
... often being heavily politicized during oppressive governments such as that of Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier who sidelined the army in favorテつ...
Their heads held high and chests puffed out, nearly 100 Haitian men in camouflage fatigues do jumping jacks or march around an abandoned U.N. compound on a recent morning. But after a few drills, they seek shelter from the blazing sun in the absence of anything else to do. As U.N. militaryテつ...
... an agronomist who served under President Paul Magloire and fled during the early years of the dictatorship of Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier.
The civil-society leader was talking mostly about Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, who had been dead way, way longer than most Haitians hadテつ...
The civil-society leader was talking mostly about Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, who had been dead way, way longer than most Haitians hadテつ...
Duvalier was just 19 when in 1971 he inherited the title of "president-for-life" from his father, the notorious Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier.
Haiti's former ruler Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier has died of a heart attack in the capital Port-au-Prince aged 63, official sources say. Duvalier was just 19 when in 1971 he inherited the title of "president-for-life" from his father, the notorious Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier. He was accused of corruption,テつ...
January 1971 - Haiti's National Assembly approves a constitutional amendment which allows Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier to appoint someone under 40 years old as his successor. April 21, 1971 - President Duvalier dies of heart disease and diabetes. April 22, 1971 - Jean-Claude Duvalier is sworn in asテδづつ...
Renold Francisque wept as he stepped out of the Canada Border Services building in Edmonton. A crimson growth on the side of his neck bulged over his shirt collar as he stared down at a letter that read to him like a death sentence. For the past nine months, Francisque has been treated for tuberculosis.
Felin fell in love with cinema at the drive-ins of Port-au-Prince, her escape during the brutal dictatorship of Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, whoテつ...
One of their own, Michaelle Jean, came to Canada as a legitimate refugee during the vicious Francois (Papa Doc) Duvalier regime in which herテδづつ...
Idi Amin of Uganda and Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier of Haiti committed acts of genocide on their own people and earned the world's revulsionテδづつ...
Several U.S. presidents bolstered the bloody dictatorship of “anti-communist” Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier in Haiti and then his son, “Babyテδづつ...
... often being heavily politicized during oppressive governments such as that of Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier who sidelined the army in favorテδづつ...
... an agronomist who served under President Paul Magloire and fled during the early years of the dictatorship of Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier.
The civil-society leader was talking mostly about Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, who had been dead way, way longer than most Haitians hadテδづつ...
Idi Amin of Uganda and Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier of Haiti committed acts of genocide on their own people and earned the world's revulsionテδづつ...
... region, Preval who was trained in Belgium and Italy to be an agronomist, once lived and worked in Brooklyn after fleeing his birthplace in the 1970s during the heavy-handed and often murderous regime of President Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier. But ...
First Lady Paling Kontroversial Sejagad Simone Duvalier adalah istri dari Presiden Haiti Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier. Bersama keduanya memimpin dengan kejam. Simone juga ingin tampil di muka umum dan mendapatkan penghargaan sebagai seorangテδづつ...
His father, Claude, was an agronomist who served under President Paul Magloire and fled during the early years of the dictatorship of Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier. Preval earned an agronomy degree from Gembloux Agricultural University in Belgium andテδづつ...
By Nina L. Khrushcheva, professor of international affairs and associate dean for academic affairs at the New School and a senior fellow at the World Policy Institute.


 

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