cross-referenced news and research resources about
A Bantustan (also known as Bantu homeland, black homeland, black state or simply homeland) was a territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South West Africa (now Namibia), as part of the policy of apartheid. Ten Bantustans were established in South Africa, and ten in neighbouring South West Africa (then under South African administration), for the purpose of concentrating the members of designated ethnic groups, thus making each of those territories ethnically homogeneous as the basis for creating "autonomous" nation states for South Africa's different black ethnic groups.
The term was first used in the late 1940s and was coined from Bantu (meaning "people" in some of the Bantu languages) and -stan (a suffix meaning "land" in the Persian language and some Persian-influenced languages of western, southern and central Asia). It was regarded as a disparaging term by some critics of the apartheid-era government's "homelands" (from Afrikaans tuisland). The word "bantustan", today, is often used in a pejorative sense when describing a region that lacks any real legitimacy, consists of several unconnected enclaves, or emerges from national or international gerrymandering.
Four of the South African Bantustans—Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda, and Ciskei (the so-called "TBVC States")—were declared independent, though this was not officially recognised outside of South Africa. Other South African Bantustans (like KwaZulu, Lebowa, and QwaQwa) received partial autonomy but were never granted independence. In South West Africa, Ovamboland, Kavangoland, and East Caprivi were granted self-determination.
The Bantustans were abolished with the end of apartheid and re-joined South Africa proper.
updated Sun. September 25, 2022
March 30, 2018
FORMER Ovaherero paramount chief Clemence Kapuuo was patriotic to the cause of Namibia's independence, and contemporary history has been distorted not to depict this fact, Popular Democratic Movement (PDM) leader McHenry Venaani has said. Speaking at the 40th commemoration of Kapuuo'sÃâÃÂ ...
Political Analysis South Africa
March 29, 2018
The report attributes this to the geographical areas as these provinces are located in the former Bantustans. During the launch of the report in Pretoria on 27 March 2018, the Minister in the Presidency for the DPME, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, said that a skills revolution should be the main solution to reduce poverty andÃâÃÂ ...
March 28, 2018
He was detained and tortured by the then Bophuthatswana government for his resistance to their bantustan rule. “He also had many run-ins with the Vametco mining with regards to royalties owed to his community in Rankotea‚ outside Brits. Amiel believed they were robbed [of] what was due to them.
March 22, 2018
It also states that 44% of public schools in the country use pit toilets. The handbook added that these statistics revealed that schools in the former Bantustan areas had the worst infrastructure. “It is, therefore, invariably black South African learners who are most cheated of an acceptable learning environmentÃâÃÂ ...
March 22, 2018
He said he built homes in uMlazi with a tiny budget allocated to him by the apartheid government, which was punishment for rejecting the idea of Bantustans. “I built houses and schools in uMlazi before you young people were born. Even though many of you have forgotten, the truth will never change,” heÃâÃÂ ...
March 19, 2018
However, the market traders argue that the property was not transferred to Transnet because it formed part of the former Bantustan Republic of Bophuthatswana and was subsequently transferred to the government of the Republic of South Africa. In their view, the property was never transferred to Transnet.
March 14, 2018
... willingness to negotiate a two-state solution. Presenting this deal will illuminate for the international community that Israel is not truly pursuing a viable, independent, Palestinian state but rather, an apartheid-style bantustan. This is an abridged version of an article that originally appeared in Morning Star.
March 11, 2018
It is interesting to note that hardly two months after endorsing the ANC policy, the monarch is up in arms, seeing the policy as a threat to his Ingonyama Trust which owns the rural land of the former KwaZulu Bantustan. The ANC-led government inherited an extremely skewed, race-based distribution ofÃâÃÂ ...
March 8, 2018
To add to the land owned by the state, the 2013 report has a section called "unaccounted land", which is concentrated in the former Bantustans of the Eastern Cape, Mpumalanga and Limpopo, totalling 8.4m ha. Just under a quarter of the land in the Eastern Cape is "unaccounted" for. It is safe to assumeÃâÃÂ ...
March 3, 2018
However, there is no law to secure and protect communal land tenure, thus failing 17 million South Africans living in the erstwhile Bantustans. Again, the High Level Panel Report concludes that "communal areas remain sites of persistent poverty and inequality”, with the continued tenure insecurity beingÃâÃÂ ...
February 28, 2018
We expect this new Cabinet to vigorously pursue an agenda, informed by ANC's 54th National Conference outcomes; and SoNA commitments to create decent jobs, especially for the youth of this country, currently ravaged by poverty and squalor in working class Townships and former Bantustans. Our keyÃâÃÂ ...
February 27, 2018
May you and yours be slaves to these loans that you are supporting. You will groan and bend like an ox cart overloaded with sheaves of corn. Reply ÃâÃÂ· comment-avatar ÃâÃÂ· Kachema wachalo 6 days. Bantustan or whatever you call yourself, are you out of your mind? Judging by your alias, bantustan, it appearsÃâÃÂ ...
The Star, Kenya
February 23, 2018
Many senior apartheid and Bantustan bureaucrats kept their positions. Even when they were replaced, their ethos and mode of operation prevailed. With the transition to the Mbeki period, changes in state, government and party became evident. The primary challenge shifted from ensuring stability toÃâÃÂ ...
Mail & Guardian
February 22, 2018
M'rembula turns the shebeen of the Bantustan into his indumba — sending fly mummies into a trancelike mapanstula, moving their feet to the rhythm of Meadowlands. And Sundays. Yes, Sundays are the best days, because on these days Thuso Motaung spills unknown truths about the picturesqueÃâÃÂ ...
February 17, 2018
Back in the day, schools which fell under the KwaZulu Bantustan had on their syllabus a non-examinable subject called ubuntu-botho. This was ostensibly about values. In a 1987 article Praisely Mdluli explained the origins of ubuntu-botho. He says the syllabus was drawn up by the Inkatha-affiliated NatalÃâÃÂ ...
February 15, 2018
Ten Bantustans were established in South Africa. Gazankulu comprised of 10 formal townships, which were all created and built by the Apartheid Government and included Nkowankowa in Tzaneen. In 1994, after Apartheid, Gazankulu was sub-divided into different municipalities cross-cutting linguistic andÃâÃÂ ...
The Electronic Intifada
February 10, 2018
It would have been absurd to suggest that what was needed in South Africa was scientific collaboration involving apartheid and bantustan institutions. Replace South Africa with Israel and the bantustans – the nominally independent Black-ruled “homelands” set up by the apartheid regime – with theÃâÃÂ ...
National Catholic Reporter
February 6, 2018
It is a Palestinian Bantustan that the Palestinian people will never accept. Finally, and despite Mr. Winters' personal attacks against me, I will continue to respect his right to his opinion, no matter how much I disagree with it. It used to be that people had differences of opinion and analysis, presented theirÃâÃÂ ...
Mail & Guardian
February 1, 2018
KwaZulu-Natal never became a bantustan because we never accepted independence. That explains why, unlike Transkei, Ciskei, Venda and others, KwaZulu-Natal never had its own military or passports. Because I refused to convert what was left of the Zulu kingdom into a bantustan, Pretoria retaliated byÃâÃÂ ...
January 29, 2018
Kwena Mangope, the son of the late former leader of Bophuthatswana Lucas Mangope, speaking during his father's funeral in Motswedi village near Zeerust, North West. LUCAS Mangope, the former president of the former “independent country” of Bophuthatswana fitted the description of an “Uncle Tom”ÃâÃÂ ...
December 31, 1999
Several of the universities that serve the poorest students, such as those in the former Bantustans, are in dire straits. Unisa was swamped this year with thousands of additional students and failed to cope with the numbers. Four universities were closed for a time in recent weeks because of violent studentÃâÃÂ ...
December 31, 1999
If black people had had guaranteed property rights, Group Areas and Bantustans could not have happened. An absence of property rights was also a major reason why township properties and rural land under black occupation were rarely developed. What sense is there in investing in property upgrades ifÃâÃÂ ...
December 31, 1999
Under Apartheid, Black people were confined to “bantustans” or “homelands” that were nominally “independent” areas for Black people to govern. These areas made up only 13 percent of the country, and were in disparate locations, often on poor quality land and far from urban centers where people couldÃâÃÂ ...
news and opinion