The laws of Nepal were published as the Muluki Ain (National Code) in 1953. With a few additional specific legislation, the Muluki Ain continues to be the central authority on this subject. The Nepali legal system applies universally to each of its varied ethnic and religious communities. Many of its legislation reflect Nepal's liberalization process and not necessarily the realities.
Nepal's judiciary is composed of the Supreme Court, Apellate Courts (currently eighteen in number), and District Courts (seventy-five). But disputes are often settled first by respected leaders. Conflict resolution by mediators is therefore also dealt with briefly here.
The formulation of policies is governed by the National Planning Commission.