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Yishuv or Ha-Yishuv HaYishuv Hayehudi b'Eretz Yisrael ("The Jewish settlement in the Land of Israel") is the term used in Hebrew referring to the body of Jewish residents in the Holy Land before the establishment of the State of Israel. The residents and new settlers were referred to collectively as "the Yishuv" or "Ha-Yishuv." The term came into use in the 1880s, when there were about 25,000 Jews living in Eretz Yisrael, and continued to be used until 1948, by which time there were about 700,000 Jews there, and is used in Hebrew even nowadays to denote the Pre-State Jewish residents in the Holy Land.

A distinction is sometimes drawn between the Old Yishuv and the New Yishuv.

The Old Yishuv refers to all the Jews living there before the aliyah of 1882 by the Zionist movement. The Old Yishuv residents were religious Jews living mainly in Jerusalem, Safed, Tiberias and Hebron. Smaller communities were in Jaffa, Haifa, Peki'in, Acre, Nablus, Shfaram and until 1779 also in Gaza. A large part of the Old Yishuv concentrated their time in Torah studies and lived off Ma'amodot (stipends), received by donations from the Jews in the Diaspora.

The New Yishuv refers to those who built homes outside the Old City walls of Jerusalem in the 1860s, and to the establishment of Petah Tikva and the First Aliyah of 1882, followed by the founding of settlements until the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948.

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updated Mon. January 1, 2024

In meticulously overturning this piece of conventional wisdom, he renders an important service to the cause of historical accuracy while also underlining the utter congruence on this matter between the leaders of the state-to-be and the feelings of the Jewish public in “the 600,000-strong yishuv, which was ...

How much of an expansionist was the leader of the yishuv, soon to be the first prime minister of the state of Israel? David Ben-Gurion in his Tel Aviv office on September 1, 1949 in Tel Aviv. The model of a tank on his desk is a cigarette box and lighter given to him by an Israeli soldier. GPO via Getty Images.
Shortly after arriving with his wife, Yehudit, he began working on water projects for the Yishuv, the Jewish community in pre-state Israel. One day in the early 1930s, a friend invited Blass to his home in Karkur, a town near Haifa. As the two ate outside, Blass noticed something odd. In the field before him, ...
The patron of this group was a legendary figure, Alexander Zeid, a founder of the first defense organizations of the growing Jewish Yishuv. Zeid was ambushed and killed by a Bedouin in 1938, on his way to meet with members of the kibbutz. When Uncle Shmuel celebrated his 80th birthday, almost 20 ...
For example, 264,000 shekels was spent temporary structures at Esh Kodesh, 142,000 shekels on a youth club at Givat Harel, 217,000 shekels on an access road to Kerem Re'im, 499,000 shekels on an access road to Givat Harel, 149,000 sheekls on paving an intersection for Yishuv Hada'at and 165,000 ...
Ottoman residents gained British passports, while nationalists among the 700,000 strong Palestinian community and 80,000 strong Jewish Yishuv believed their new masters would favour their competing aspirations to self-rule. The 1920s saw the rising popularity of an exclusionary and self-conscious ...
Jewish settler Refael Morris stands at an observation point overlooking the West Bank village of Duma, near Yishuv Hadaat, an unauthorized Jewish settler outpost. (photo credit: REUTERS). Tel Aviv – Asharq Al-Awsat. Israel decided to back a bill draft that will legitimize revoking permanent residencies ...
The value of self-rule in the land of Israel to the inhabitants of the Yishuv and to the D.P.'s is obvious, but it is the worth of a government of our own to the Jews all over the world that really staggers the imagination. The members of our nation who are scattered over the four corners of the earth now have a ...
The volume's sprightly content was based on the experiences of its author, Althea O. Silverman, who visited the yishuv in the late 1940s. “My young friends,” she wrote in a preface, “you may read this book simply as the tale of Habibi's exciting adventures. But you will be interested to know that these stories ...
Touring America and drumming up support for Zionism, he raised large sums of money for the yishuv. Perhaps Brandeis's greatest achievement came in 1917, as the British Government was weighing whether to issue the Balfour Declaration. He helped persuade President Woodrow Wilson that America ...


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